Cattle Breeding Programme
Four Cattle Breeding Farms have been established in Kerala
for rearing high yielding varieties of cows and buffaloes.
Locally bred varieties are procured and cross bred with
exotic breeds. There forms are functioning as demonstration
cum training centers with a view to providing necessary
information and technical know-how to the public on improvement
of milk production, Cattle Management, Feeding Practices
etc. The farms impart farm training to Livestock Inspectors
and Vocation Higher Secondary Certificate holders. Milk
Production and Fodder Production are the other fields of
There are three Cattle Breeding Farms and one Buffalo Breeding
Farm under Animal Husbandry Department.
1. District Livestock Farm, Kudappanakkunnu (1953)
Cattles of cross breed varieties such as Jersey, Holstien,
Goats of Malabar Breed, Pigs of large white Yorkshire, Poultry
of Astralopes, Newhanps hire Rhode Island breeds have been
maintained here. A rabbit unit consisting of Soviet Chenchilla,
New Zealand white, white Giant and Grey giant breeds has
also been maintained here.
2. Jersey Farm, Vithura (1974)
The farm was established for producing high yielding cows
by cross breeding indigenous breeds with exotic breeds.
From this farm AI facilities were extended to the public.
3. Jersey Farm Extension Unit, Chettachal (1980)
This unit is an annexe of Jersey Farm, Vithura cattle rearing,
Milk Production and Fodder Production etc. are the activities.
4. Buffalo Breeding Farm, Kuriottumala
This objective of this farm is breeding and rearing pedigree
buffaloes of Surthi and Murah breeds and supply of sufficient
number of buffalo bulls for breeding purpose.
Pig Breeding Programme (1973)
The objective of Piggery Development Activites in the State
are popularization of pig rearing among farmers, raising
improved varieties of pigs and making available adequate
number of piglings for distribution under various schemes,
producing and supplying good quality pork etc. These activities
are conducted under the guidance and co-ordination of Swine
Husbandry Office functioning of Aluva. This Office provides
technical guidance to the Officers in charge of Pig Breeding
Units. There are five Pig Breeding Units located at Parassala,
Thalayolaparambu, Angamaly, Kunnamkulam and Mundayad and
a Pig Breeding Farm at Kappad near Kanjirapplly. These institutions
impart training on Scientific Pig rearing to farmers.
Goat Breeding Programme
Among the schemes for the welfare and upliftment of the
weaker sections of society, goat distribution has great
importance as it encourages them to take up goat rearing
as a profession and earn livelihood. Production and distribution
of good quality breeds of goats are indispensable for the
successful implementation of these schemes. To meet this
purpose two Goat Breeding Farms were established in the
State. They are located at Attappady in Palakkad District
and Komeri in Kannur District. Besides these, there are
two goats units one attached to District Livestock Farm,
Kudappanakkunnu and other attached to Buffalo Breeding Farm,
1. Government Goat Farm, Attappady GO(MS)No.374/79/AD
The objective of the farm is to promote goat rearing among
the tribes of Attappadi region and help them to enhance
their income and improve their living status. A selective
breeding policy has been adopted to produce “Attappadi
Black” variety of goats and supply them to the tribal
2. Government Goat Farm, Komeri (1965)
The objective of this farm is to promote and popularize
Malabari breed of goats. Goat rearing, Milk Production and
Fodder Production are the major activities of this farm.
COST OF KIDS & GOATS FOR SALEKIDS UP TO 2 MONTHS –
KIDS UP TO 4 MONTHS –Rs.500/-
KIDS UP TO 5-6 MONTHS –Rs.700/-
GOATS UP TO 14 MONTHS –Rs.900/-
Poultry Development Programme
Poultry Development activities in the State aims at increasing
the egg production, production and distribution of chicks
and good quality poultry meat, impart training on Scientific
Poultry Rearing and Management, encouraging unemployed youth
and members of weaker sections of society to take up poultry
rearing and gain self employment, assisting women to start
backyard poultry units etc.
To carry out the development activities there are nine poultry
farms, one Broiler Farm, One Duck Farm, One Central Hatchery
and two Intensive Poultry Development Blocks under the Department.
1 Regional Poultry Farm, Kudappanakkunnu (Established
in 1953 as a small unit and upgraded as Regional Poultry
Farm in 1965.)
Major activities are production and distribution of layer
chicks and eggs. This farm has 2 Sub Centres - Ulloor, Kanjiramkulam.
2. Regional Poultry Farm, Kureeppuzha, Kollam
(Established as District Poultry Farm in 1955 and upgraded
as Regional Poultry Farm in1982)
This farm is capable of rearing 40,000 birds at a time.
A Turkey Rearing Unit is also attached to this Farm.
One hatching section is attached to this farm for hatching
of both poultry and turkey eggs.
The farm impacts training and technical knowledge on scientific
rearing of turkey.
3. Regional Poultry Farm, Manarcaud, Kottayam (Upgraded
from District Poultry Farm in 1982)
Production and distribution of chicks and eggs is the activity
of this farm also.
4. District Poultry Farm, Idukki (1980)
The main activity is rearing of chicks and distribution
under Departmental Schemes.
5. Regional Poultry Farm, Koovappadi, Ernakulam
(Established in 1963 as District Poultry Farm and
upgraded as Regional Poultry Farm in 1967)
Production and distribution of eggs and chicks are the main
6. Regional Poultry Farm, Malampuzha, Palakkad
(Established in 1960 as District Poultry Farm and upgraded
as Regional Poultry Farm in 1964)
This farm also produce and distribute chicks and birds.
7. District Poultry Farm, Athavanad, Malappuram
This chicks from other institutions are received and reared
here and distributed for schemes.
8. Regional Poultry Farm, Chathamangalam, Kozhikode
Production and distribution of chicks and eggs is the activity
of this farm.
9. Regional Poultry Farm, Mundayad, Kannur
Here also chicks and eggs are produced and distributed.
10. Broiler Farm, Pettah (1962)
This farm is the only one Broiler Farm under the Animal
Husbandry Department. Production and distribution of Broiler
chicken and egg is the main activity of this farm. There
are three extension units at Payattuvila, Peroorkada and
11. Duck Farm, Niranam started functioning in
The aim of the farm is to preserve different varieties and
breeds of chicks, improve the quality of ducks reared for
eggs and meat purpose and popularize duck farming. The different
breeds of ducks reared in the farm are Desi, White pekkins
and Kakki camp bell and Vigora Supen-M”
12. Central Hatchery, Chengannur (1961-62)
The main objective of this major institution of Animal Husbandry
Department is to produce good quality chicks. The following
institutions are also functioning in the Central Hatchery
1. Feed Compounding Factory (1963)
2. Feed Testing Laboratory (1978)
3. Mobile Veterinary Hospital
4. Chick Sexing School (1967)
5. Poultry Training Institute (1974)
A Quail Production Unit is also functioning here
13. Intensive Poultry Development Blocks
Extending financial assistance to establish new poultry
units, production and distribution of good quality feed,
marketing of eggs, chicks and dressed chicken, extension
work and training on poultry rearing etc. are objectives
of the IPD Blocks established in the State.
They are located at
1. Pettah, Thiruvananthapuram (1956)
2. Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam (1963)
VETERINARY AND ANIMAL HEALTH
1. Animal Health
This section of the Animal Husbandry Directorate deals with
Animal Health aspects of the whole state. This is achieved
through the Veterinary Institutions spread all over the
state. Protection of Animal Health involves prevention of
diseases and effective treatment. The target of establishing
at least one Veterinary Institution in each panchayat manned
by a Veterinary Surgeon is almost fulfilled.
An Additional Director has the charge of all Animal Health
Prevention of diseases includes control of contagious diseases
by systematic vaccination for which there are so many schemes
such as RP Eradication Programme, Rabies Eradication Programme,
Disease Free zone Scheme etc. To facilitate accurate Diagnosis
of diseases and for production of preventive vaccines the
Department maintains prestigious institutions viz. the Institute
of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals, Chief Disease
Investigation Laboratory, Avian Disease Diagnostic Laboratory,
Marine Products Inspecting Lab etc. In addition to this
District Veterinary Centres with all facilities in all the
fourteen districts established for attention of disease
Veterinary aid is also made available through Farm Aid Units,
Mobile Veterinary Hospitals and Poly Clinics.
A Deputy Director has the charge of Veterinary Services
in the Directorate.
a) Rabies Eradication Programme
This programme envisages to provide anti rabic vaccine to
dog on 50% subsidy basis . One Assistant Director is working
in the Directorate under the scheme.
b) Central Store Organisation
The Departments purchases of stores and medicine are executed
by Central Store Organisation supervised by an Assistant
Director. The orders are placed with the companies/dealers
from the Directorate. The companies in turn supply these
items to the three Central Veterinary Stores located at
Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur and Kozhikode. From there,
these stores are supplied to various Animal Husbandry institutions.
DISEASE INVESTIGATION AND
Objectives of disease investigation are the following: Investigate
the causes of out break of diseases among Livestock and
Poultry, Co-ordinate the investigation work and suggest
control and eradication measures, Mass Vaccination of cattle
and poultry against various contagious diseases, establish
the infrastructure for disease surveillance, study Epidemiology
and other factors relating to various Livestock and Poultry
Various schemes have been implemented for the effective
control of various Livestock and Poultry diseases through
different institutions such as
1. Chief Disease Investigation Office, Palode
This institution is functioning under the control of Chief
Disease Investigation Officer in the cadre of Joint Director.
Besides this, there are 3 posts of Disease Investigation
Avian Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, Thiruvalla, Disease
Investigation Office, Kannur and Regional Clinical Laboratories
of various districts are under the technical control of
Chief Disease Investigation Officer.
2. Livestock Disease Control Scheme,Thiruvananthapuram
Objective of the scheme is to Eradicate the occurrence of
contagious diseases of national importance like Foot and
Mouth disease, Rinderpest, Rabies etc. and establish Disease
The activities include mass vaccination of animals against
these diseases setting up of checkposts in strategic points
on the Livestock transport where animals are brought from
outside into area of operation, Establishment of a bufferzone
along the northern border of Disease Freezone to protect
susceptible animals, establishment of infrastructure for
disease surveillance etc. The area of operations consists
of the entire area of south Periyar river.
The scheme has three Disease Freezone Units
1. Nedumangad, Thiruvananthapuram
2. Punalur, Kollam
3. Adoor, Pathanamthitta.
Disease freezone, Nedumangadu is now functioning as a surveillance
3. Rinderpest Eradication Scheme, Palakkad
RP Eradication work is carried out both as Non/Plan and
a Centrally Sponsored Plan Schemes.
Under Non-Plan scheme there are 17 Regular Checkposts, 6
vigilance units, 2 mobile units and are experimental checkpost
The RP Checkposts have been established to check and vaccinate
all incoming and outgoing trade animals
As RP Disease is totally eradicated RP Vaccination is stopped
by Ist January 1998. Now the state is RP fee state.
4. Avian Disease Diagnostic Lab, Thiruvalla
Disease Investigation and Disease Control are the main objective
of this Laboratory which is functioning under the control
of a Deputy Director.
The Officers conducted tours to detect diseases. All Government
and Private Poultry Farms, Egger Nurseries, Broiler Units
have been visited for Disease Investigation and Disease
5. Cattle Sterility Scheme
Cattle Sterility Office, Aluva (GO MS 137/83/AD dated:21/5/1983)
The main objectives of the schemes are screening of Cross
bred cow, heifers, buffalo to assess the infertility problems,
investigate the causes leading to infertility and rectify
the causes, publish data on investigation made, results
achieved and suggest ways to modify the breeding and management
6. Epidemiological Cell, Thiruvananthapuram
(GO RT 1608/82/DD. Dated: 19/6/1982)
The objective of the scheme is to collect, analyse, interpret
and report the monthly data on all the cases treated against
different types of Livestock and Poultry disease in the
Inspection and Certification
of Livestock and marine Products
(GO(RT)No.1647/81/AD. Dated: 27/6/1988)
Livestock and Marine products inspecting Laboratory was
established to issue health certificate to livestock and
main products for export to foreign countries after inspecting
the products for quality and disease free status. This institution
is functioning under the supervision of a Livestock Product
Inspecting Officer in the cadre of Deputy Director.
Biological Production Scheme
(Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals
Institute, Palode) GO MS 302/77/AD dated : 19.10.88The purpose
of the scheme is to meet the entire requirements of biological
products for the Livestock and Poultry in the state. The
Institute, headed by a Director in the cadre of Additional
Director, is an autonomous one.
Various vaccines were produced and supplied to Departmental
Institutions and also to quasi Government Institutions such
as Kerala Agricultural University, KLD Board, Kerala Poultry
Development Corporation, Union Territory of Lakshadweep
etc. The vaccines produced were subjected to safety test,
potency test and sterility test.
Kerala State Veterinary Council, Thiruvananthapuram
(Indian Veterinary Act of 1984 - Established in 28/4/1988)
The Kerala Legislative Assembly in its sitting held on 30
July 1985 passed a resolution to adopt the Indian Veterinary
Council Act 1984 in the State of Kerala. According to Government
of India Notification No. 23/116/84/LDT (LHS) dated 28.11.1986,
the Indian Veterinary Council Act came into force in Kerala
with effect from 1.12.1986.
The Government of Kerala appointed a three member Registration
Tribunal in 1988 to prepare the Primary Veterinary Practitioners'
Register. The members of the Tribunal were Dr G Nirmalan,
Dr M S Jayasooryan and Dr P Balachandran. This register
was prepared in early 1989 and according to Section 82 of
the Act and as per GO (P) No. 132/91/AD dated 2 April 1991,
Kerala State Veterinary Council was constituted.
The election to the first State Veterinary Council was conducted
only in 1996. Four members were elected from among the practitioners,
namely- Dr P Balachandran, Dr A P Somasekharan Nair, Dr
J Abraham and Dr P K Jacob. Three members were nominated
by the Government namely- Dr K Raman Pillai, Dr V Sunil
Kumar and Dr D Sebastian.
Dr P P Vava and Dr A Rajan represented the Dept. of Animal
Husbandry and Veterinary College respectively. Dr Rebecca
Thomas was the Registrar to the Council. The first meeting
of the Council held on 6th December 1996, elected Dr K Raman
Pillai as the President. Later in 1997, Dr P Balachandran
resigned from the Council and Dr J Abraham resigned in 1998.
Though the term of the Council is only three years, election
to the Council is notified only in September 2000 and the
new members will be elected shortly. The office of the Council
was functioning at Tank Road, Vanchiyoor, Thiruvananthapuram
and now shifted to own building at Peroorkada, Thiruvananthapuram.
The office is headed by a Registrar who is in the cadre
of a Additional Director.
Kerala State Veterinary Council
Registration of Veterinary Graduates and regulation of Veterinary
practices in the state are the main functions of the council.
Animal Husbandry staffs are on deputation from the Animal
Livestock Management Training GO(RT)No.680/80/AD Dated:
24/6/1986 and GO(RT)No.1099/87/AD Dated 28/7/1987.
With a view to imparting technical knowledge and scientific
training in Animal Husbandry Disciplines, four Livestock
Management Training Centres were established in the state.
1. Livestock Management Training Centre, Kudappanakkunnu,
Thiruvananthapuram functioning under the supervision of
a Principal Training Officer in the cadre of Additional
2. Livestock Management Training Centre, Aluva (1986) is
functioning under the guidance of a Deputy Director (GO(RT)No.1286/85
3. Livestock Management Training Centre, Mundayad, Kannur
(1984) is functioning under the control of Principal Training
Officer in the cadre of Joint Director. GO(RT)No1456/84/AD
4. Livestock Management Training Centre, Malampuzha, Palakkad
is established in 2000.These centres impart training to
farmers on scientific management of production units to
enhance production and training to women to prepare themselves
to take up small domestic units of Livestock and poultry
of manageable size to supplement family income, provide
technical knowledge and relevant information on various
schemes implemented in the Animal Husbandry sector with
a view to uplift the weaker sections of society and help
the unemployed youth to gain self employment.
The training offered in these centers are
1. Dairy Farming
2. Goat Farming
3. Duck Farming
4. Pig Farming
5. Broiler Production
6. Layer Management
7. Backyard Poultry Production
8. Quail Farming
9. Chick Sexing
The trainees include farmers, social workers, Ex-servicemen,
School students, Housewives extension workers and people
belonging to SC/ST communities. Training to Veterinary and
para Veterinary staff of the Department and Vocational Higher
Secondary Course certificate holders and 11 months training
to Fresh Livestock Inspectors are also conducted.
Kamadhenu Insurance Scheme
Now, cattle population in the state is mostly cross-bred
and these animals are highly prone to diseases. Due to diseases,
the farmers are incurring losses. In order to compensate
the loss, the Department came up with an insurance programme
jointly with United India Insurance Company as per GO(MS)
No:123/98/AD Dated 17/6/1998. This insurance coverage at
a lesser premium rate; at the rate of 6.6% otherwise it
is 15%. This scheme is implemented in all the Panchayats,
Municipalities and Corporations in the state. The livestock
owners also be insured for accident death, provision for
reimbursement of Medical expenses due to illness, disease
or injury to the farmer and spouse.
Special Livestock Breeding Programme
This scheme is implemented by Animal Husbandry Department
since 1976. From 1997 onwards it is being implemented through
the local bodies.
As per GO(MS)11/2001/AD Dated 20/1/2000 Government has accorded
sanction to implement the scheme in Kerala Grama Panchayats
from 2000-2001 onwards including urban area particularly
The objectives of the scheme is to provide extension support,
adequate health and Insurance coverage and good quality
feed at subsidered price to the growing Cross Bred Female
Calves of below poverty line farmers for a period of 28
months or till its first calving whichever is earlier. The
scheme is being implemented in Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam,
Alappuzha, Kottayam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Kozhikode and Kannur.
Animal Husbandry Statistics
The statistical cell in the Directorate of Animal Husbandry
consisting of two wings Sample Survey wing and Official
Statistics wing is functioning under the guidance of a Joint
The objective of Sample Survey wing is to conduct the integrated
of Sample Survey, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to estimate
the production of major Livestock products such as milk,
egg and meat in the state.
The collection, compilation and processing of Animal Husbandry
Statistics is the objectives of Official Statistics wing.
Details of prices of Livestock and Livestock Products, number
of Animals slaughtered, quantity of meat produced, import
and export of Livestock and Livestock products etc. are
collected and processed and published on the bulletin of
Animal Husbandry Statistics. The publishing of Animal Husbandry
profile consisting of details of Department Institutions
is another major activity. The preparation of Annual Administration
Report of the Department is also attached to this wing.
. Of the 1.7 million
breedable cattle 67 % are crossbreds
. Most of the cattle
holding are one cow farms
. Per capita availability
of milk is 220 gm /day
. Part of milk is
being imported from other states to meet the demand
. AI units are available
at the rate of one for 800 breedable cattle
. Poultry & Duck
population is around 269 lakhs and still around 460 million
eggs are being imported annually.
. There is acute
scarcity of feed and fodder
. 97% of the population
are Non Vegetarians.
. 65% of the meat
consumed is from animals brought from other states .
POLICY PRINCIPLES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
. To increase the
milk, egg and meat production of the State.
. Poverty alleviation
. Employment generation.
. To ensure quality
. Effective utilization
of agriculture & house hold wastes
. Public Health management
. Promote private
. Improving quality