The Department
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  Objectives
  Institutions under the Animal Husbandry Department
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Programmes


Cattle Breeding Programme
Four Cattle Breeding Farms have been established in Kerala for rearing high yielding varieties of cows and buffaloes. Locally bred varieties are procured and cross bred with exotic breeds. There forms are functioning as demonstration cum training centers with a view to providing necessary information and technical know-how to the public on improvement of milk production, Cattle Management, Feeding Practices etc. The farms impart farm training to Livestock Inspectors and Vocation Higher Secondary Certificate holders. Milk Production and Fodder Production are the other fields of activity.
There are three Cattle Breeding Farms and one Buffalo Breeding Farm under Animal Husbandry Department.
1. District Livestock Farm, Kudappanakkunnu (1953)
Cattles of cross breed varieties such as Jersey, Holstien, Goats of Malabar Breed, Pigs of large white Yorkshire, Poultry of Astralopes, Newhanps hire Rhode Island breeds have been maintained here. A rabbit unit consisting of Soviet Chenchilla, New Zealand white, white Giant and Grey giant breeds has also been maintained here.
2. Jersey Farm, Vithura (1974)
The farm was established for producing high yielding cows by cross breeding indigenous breeds with exotic breeds. From this farm AI facilities were extended to the public.
3. Jersey Farm Extension Unit, Chettachal (1980)
This unit is an annexe of Jersey Farm, Vithura cattle rearing, Milk Production and Fodder Production etc. are the activities.
4. Buffalo Breeding Farm, Kuriottumala (1981)
This objective of this farm is breeding and rearing pedigree buffaloes of Surthi and Murah breeds and supply of sufficient number of buffalo bulls for breeding purpose.

Pig Breeding Programme (1973)

The objective of Piggery Development Activites in the State are popularization of pig rearing among farmers, raising improved varieties of pigs and making available adequate number of piglings for distribution under various schemes, producing and supplying good quality pork etc. These activities are conducted under the guidance and co-ordination of Swine Husbandry Office functioning of Aluva. This Office provides technical guidance to the Officers in charge of Pig Breeding Units. There are five Pig Breeding Units located at Parassala, Thalayolaparambu, Angamaly, Kunnamkulam and Mundayad and a Pig Breeding Farm at Kappad near Kanjirapplly. These institutions impart training on Scientific Pig rearing to farmers.

Goat Breeding Programme
Among the schemes for the welfare and upliftment of the weaker sections of society, goat distribution has great importance as it encourages them to take up goat rearing as a profession and earn livelihood. Production and distribution of good quality breeds of goats are indispensable for the successful implementation of these schemes. To meet this purpose two Goat Breeding Farms were established in the State. They are located at Attappady in Palakkad District and Komeri in Kannur District. Besides these, there are two goats units one attached to District Livestock Farm, Kudappanakkunnu and other attached to Buffalo Breeding Farm, Kuriottumala.
1. Government Goat Farm, Attappady GO(MS)No.374/79/AD dated 6/1/1979.
The objective of the farm is to promote goat rearing among the tribes of Attappadi region and help them to enhance their income and improve their living status. A selective breeding policy has been adopted to produce “Attappadi Black” variety of goats and supply them to the tribal people.
2. Government Goat Farm, Komeri (1965)
The objective of this farm is to promote and popularize Malabari breed of goats. Goat rearing, Milk Production and Fodder Production are the major activities of this farm.
COST OF KIDS & GOATS FOR SALEKIDS UP TO 2 MONTHS – Rs.300/-
KIDS UP TO 4 MONTHS –Rs.500/-
KIDS UP TO 5-6 MONTHS –Rs.700/-
GOATS UP TO 14 MONTHS –Rs.900/-

Poultry Development Programme
Poultry Development activities in the State aims at increasing the egg production, production and distribution of chicks and good quality poultry meat, impart training on Scientific Poultry Rearing and Management, encouraging unemployed youth and members of weaker sections of society to take up poultry rearing and gain self employment, assisting women to start backyard poultry units etc.
To carry out the development activities there are nine poultry farms, one Broiler Farm, One Duck Farm, One Central Hatchery and two Intensive Poultry Development Blocks under the Department. They are
1 Regional Poultry Farm, Kudappanakkunnu (Established in 1953 as a small unit and upgraded as Regional Poultry Farm in 1965.)
Major activities are production and distribution of layer chicks and eggs. This farm has 2 Sub Centres - Ulloor, Kanjiramkulam.
2. Regional Poultry Farm, Kureeppuzha, Kollam (Established as District Poultry Farm in 1955 and upgraded as Regional Poultry Farm in1982)
This farm is capable of rearing 40,000 birds at a time. A Turkey Rearing Unit is also attached to this Farm.
One hatching section is attached to this farm for hatching of both poultry and turkey eggs.
The farm impacts training and technical knowledge on scientific rearing of turkey.
3. Regional Poultry Farm, Manarcaud, Kottayam (Upgraded from District Poultry Farm in 1982)
Production and distribution of chicks and eggs is the activity of this farm also.
4. District Poultry Farm, Idukki (1980)
The main activity is rearing of chicks and distribution under Departmental Schemes.
5. Regional Poultry Farm, Koovappadi, Ernakulam (Established in 1963 as District Poultry Farm and upgraded as Regional Poultry Farm in 1967)
Production and distribution of eggs and chicks are the main activities.
6. Regional Poultry Farm, Malampuzha, Palakkad (Established in 1960 as District Poultry Farm and upgraded as Regional Poultry Farm in 1964)
This farm also produce and distribute chicks and birds.
7. District Poultry Farm, Athavanad, Malappuram (1977)
This chicks from other institutions are received and reared here and distributed for schemes.
8. Regional Poultry Farm, Chathamangalam, Kozhikode (1962)
Production and distribution of chicks and eggs is the activity of this farm.
9. Regional Poultry Farm, Mundayad, Kannur
Here also chicks and eggs are produced and distributed.
10. Broiler Farm, Pettah (1962)
This farm is the only one Broiler Farm under the Animal Husbandry Department. Production and distribution of Broiler chicken and egg is the main activity of this farm. There are three extension units at Payattuvila, Peroorkada and Thiruvallom.
11. Duck Farm, Niranam started functioning in 1966
The aim of the farm is to preserve different varieties and breeds of chicks, improve the quality of ducks reared for eggs and meat purpose and popularize duck farming. The different breeds of ducks reared in the farm are Desi, White pekkins and Kakki camp bell and Vigora Supen-M”
12. Central Hatchery, Chengannur (1961-62)
The main objective of this major institution of Animal Husbandry Department is to produce good quality chicks. The following institutions are also functioning in the Central Hatchery Complex.
1. Feed Compounding Factory (1963)
2. Feed Testing Laboratory (1978)
3. Mobile Veterinary Hospital
4. Chick Sexing School (1967)
5. Poultry Training Institute (1974)
6. Workshop
A Quail Production Unit is also functioning here
13. Intensive Poultry Development Blocks
Extending financial assistance to establish new poultry units, production and distribution of good quality feed, marketing of eggs, chicks and dressed chicken, extension work and training on poultry rearing etc. are objectives of the IPD Blocks established in the State.
They are located at
1. Pettah, Thiruvananthapuram (1956)
2. Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam (1963)

VETERINARY AND ANIMAL HEALTH
1. Animal Health
This section of the Animal Husbandry Directorate deals with Animal Health aspects of the whole state. This is achieved through the Veterinary Institutions spread all over the state. Protection of Animal Health involves prevention of diseases and effective treatment. The target of establishing at least one Veterinary Institution in each panchayat manned by a Veterinary Surgeon is almost fulfilled.
An Additional Director has the charge of all Animal Health activities.
2. Veterinary
Prevention of diseases includes control of contagious diseases by systematic vaccination for which there are so many schemes such as RP Eradication Programme, Rabies Eradication Programme, Disease Free zone Scheme etc. To facilitate accurate Diagnosis of diseases and for production of preventive vaccines the Department maintains prestigious institutions viz. the Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals, Chief Disease Investigation Laboratory, Avian Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, Marine Products Inspecting Lab etc. In addition to this District Veterinary Centres with all facilities in all the fourteen districts established for attention of disease problems.
Veterinary aid is also made available through Farm Aid Units, Mobile Veterinary Hospitals and Poly Clinics.
A Deputy Director has the charge of Veterinary Services in the Directorate.
a) Rabies Eradication Programme
This programme envisages to provide anti rabic vaccine to dog on 50% subsidy basis . One Assistant Director is working in the Directorate under the scheme.
b) Central Store Organisation
The Departments purchases of stores and medicine are executed by Central Store Organisation supervised by an Assistant Director. The orders are placed with the companies/dealers from the Directorate. The companies in turn supply these items to the three Central Veterinary Stores located at Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur and Kozhikode. From there, these stores are supplied to various Animal Husbandry institutions.

DISEASE INVESTIGATION AND CONTROL PROGRAMME
Objectives of disease investigation are the following: Investigate the causes of out break of diseases among Livestock and Poultry, Co-ordinate the investigation work and suggest control and eradication measures, Mass Vaccination of cattle and poultry against various contagious diseases, establish the infrastructure for disease surveillance, study Epidemiology and other factors relating to various Livestock and Poultry diseases etc.
Various schemes have been implemented for the effective control of various Livestock and Poultry diseases through different institutions such as
1. Chief Disease Investigation Office, Palode
This institution is functioning under the control of Chief Disease Investigation Officer in the cadre of Joint Director. Besides this, there are 3 posts of Disease Investigation Officers.
Avian Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, Thiruvalla, Disease Investigation Office, Kannur and Regional Clinical Laboratories of various districts are under the technical control of Chief Disease Investigation Officer.
2. Livestock Disease Control Scheme,Thiruvananthapuram (1983)
Objective of the scheme is to Eradicate the occurrence of contagious diseases of national importance like Foot and Mouth disease, Rinderpest, Rabies etc. and establish Disease Freezone area.
The activities include mass vaccination of animals against these diseases setting up of checkposts in strategic points on the Livestock transport where animals are brought from outside into area of operation, Establishment of a bufferzone along the northern border of Disease Freezone to protect susceptible animals, establishment of infrastructure for disease surveillance etc. The area of operations consists of the entire area of south Periyar river.
The scheme has three Disease Freezone Units
1. Nedumangad, Thiruvananthapuram
2. Punalur, Kollam
3. Adoor, Pathanamthitta.
Disease freezone, Nedumangadu is now functioning as a surveillance unit.
3. Rinderpest Eradication Scheme, Palakkad (18/6/1968)
RP Eradication work is carried out both as Non/Plan and a Centrally Sponsored Plan Schemes.
Under Non-Plan scheme there are 17 Regular Checkposts, 6 vigilance units, 2 mobile units and are experimental checkpost
The RP Checkposts have been established to check and vaccinate all incoming and outgoing trade animals
As RP Disease is totally eradicated RP Vaccination is stopped by Ist January 1998. Now the state is RP fee state.
4. Avian Disease Diagnostic Lab, Thiruvalla (1979)
Disease Investigation and Disease Control are the main objective of this Laboratory which is functioning under the control of a Deputy Director.
The Officers conducted tours to detect diseases. All Government and Private Poultry Farms, Egger Nurseries, Broiler Units have been visited for Disease Investigation and Disease Surveillance.
5. Cattle Sterility Scheme
Cattle Sterility Office, Aluva (GO MS 137/83/AD dated:21/5/1983)
The main objectives of the schemes are screening of Cross bred cow, heifers, buffalo to assess the infertility problems, investigate the causes leading to infertility and rectify the causes, publish data on investigation made, results achieved and suggest ways to modify the breeding and management practices.
6. Epidemiological Cell, Thiruvananthapuram (GO RT 1608/82/DD. Dated: 19/6/1982)
The objective of the scheme is to collect, analyse, interpret and report the monthly data on all the cases treated against different types of Livestock and Poultry disease in the state.

Inspection and Certification of Livestock and marine Products
(GO(RT)No.1647/81/AD. Dated: 27/6/1988)
Livestock and Marine products inspecting Laboratory was established to issue health certificate to livestock and main products for export to foreign countries after inspecting the products for quality and disease free status. This institution is functioning under the supervision of a Livestock Product Inspecting Officer in the cadre of Deputy Director.

Biological Production Scheme

(Institute of Animal Health and Veterinary Biologicals Institute, Palode) GO MS 302/77/AD dated : 19.10.88The purpose of the scheme is to meet the entire requirements of biological products for the Livestock and Poultry in the state. The Institute, headed by a Director in the cadre of Additional Director, is an autonomous one.
Various vaccines were produced and supplied to Departmental Institutions and also to quasi Government Institutions such as Kerala Agricultural University, KLD Board, Kerala Poultry Development Corporation, Union Territory of Lakshadweep etc. The vaccines produced were subjected to safety test, potency test and sterility test.

Kerala State Veterinary Council, Thiruvananthapuram

(Indian Veterinary Act of 1984 - Established in 28/4/1988)
The Kerala Legislative Assembly in its sitting held on 30 July 1985 passed a resolution to adopt the Indian Veterinary Council Act 1984 in the State of Kerala. According to Government of India Notification No. 23/116/84/LDT (LHS) dated 28.11.1986, the Indian Veterinary Council Act came into force in Kerala with effect from 1.12.1986.
The Government of Kerala appointed a three member Registration Tribunal in 1988 to prepare the Primary Veterinary Practitioners' Register. The members of the Tribunal were Dr G Nirmalan, Dr M S Jayasooryan and Dr P Balachandran. This register was prepared in early 1989 and according to Section 82 of the Act and as per GO (P) No. 132/91/AD dated 2 April 1991, Kerala State Veterinary Council was constituted.
The election to the first State Veterinary Council was conducted only in 1996. Four members were elected from among the practitioners, namely- Dr P Balachandran, Dr A P Somasekharan Nair, Dr J Abraham and Dr P K Jacob. Three members were nominated by the Government namely- Dr K Raman Pillai, Dr V Sunil Kumar and Dr D Sebastian.
Dr P P Vava and Dr A Rajan represented the Dept. of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary College respectively. Dr Rebecca Thomas was the Registrar to the Council. The first meeting of the Council held on 6th December 1996, elected Dr K Raman Pillai as the President. Later in 1997, Dr P Balachandran resigned from the Council and Dr J Abraham resigned in 1998.
Though the term of the Council is only three years, election to the Council is notified only in September 2000 and the new members will be elected shortly. The office of the Council was functioning at Tank Road, Vanchiyoor, Thiruvananthapuram and now shifted to own building at Peroorkada, Thiruvananthapuram.
The office is headed by a Registrar who is in the cadre of a Additional Director.
Office
Kerala State Veterinary Council
Peroorkada
Trivandrum
Registration of Veterinary Graduates and regulation of Veterinary practices in the state are the main functions of the council. Animal Husbandry staffs are on deputation from the Animal Husbandry Department.
Livestock Management Training GO(RT)No.680/80/AD Dated: 24/6/1986 and GO(RT)No.1099/87/AD Dated 28/7/1987.
With a view to imparting technical knowledge and scientific training in Animal Husbandry Disciplines, four Livestock Management Training Centres were established in the state.
1. Livestock Management Training Centre, Kudappanakkunnu, Thiruvananthapuram functioning under the supervision of a Principal Training Officer in the cadre of Additional Director.
2. Livestock Management Training Centre, Aluva (1986) is functioning under the guidance of a Deputy Director (GO(RT)No.1286/85 Dated 22/5//1985)
3. Livestock Management Training Centre, Mundayad, Kannur (1984) is functioning under the control of Principal Training Officer in the cadre of Joint Director. GO(RT)No1456/84/AD Dated 6/8/1984.
4. Livestock Management Training Centre, Malampuzha, Palakkad is established in 2000.These centres impart training to farmers on scientific management of production units to enhance production and training to women to prepare themselves to take up small domestic units of Livestock and poultry of manageable size to supplement family income, provide technical knowledge and relevant information on various schemes implemented in the Animal Husbandry sector with a view to uplift the weaker sections of society and help the unemployed youth to gain self employment.
The training offered in these centers are
1. Dairy Farming
2. Goat Farming
3. Duck Farming
4. Pig Farming
5. Broiler Production
6. Layer Management
7. Backyard Poultry Production
8. Quail Farming
9. Chick Sexing
The trainees include farmers, social workers, Ex-servicemen, School students, Housewives extension workers and people belonging to SC/ST communities. Training to Veterinary and para Veterinary staff of the Department and Vocational Higher Secondary Course certificate holders and 11 months training to Fresh Livestock Inspectors are also conducted.

Kamadhenu Insurance Scheme
Now, cattle population in the state is mostly cross-bred and these animals are highly prone to diseases. Due to diseases, the farmers are incurring losses. In order to compensate the loss, the Department came up with an insurance programme jointly with United India Insurance Company as per GO(MS) No:123/98/AD Dated 17/6/1998. This insurance coverage at a lesser premium rate; at the rate of 6.6% otherwise it is 15%. This scheme is implemented in all the Panchayats, Municipalities and Corporations in the state. The livestock owners also be insured for accident death, provision for reimbursement of Medical expenses due to illness, disease or injury to the farmer and spouse.

Special Livestock Breeding Programme

This scheme is implemented by Animal Husbandry Department since 1976. From 1997 onwards it is being implemented through the local bodies.
As per GO(MS)11/2001/AD Dated 20/1/2000 Government has accorded sanction to implement the scheme in Kerala Grama Panchayats from 2000-2001 onwards including urban area particularly urban Municipalities.
The objectives of the scheme is to provide extension support, adequate health and Insurance coverage and good quality feed at subsidered price to the growing Cross Bred Female Calves of below poverty line farmers for a period of 28 months or till its first calving whichever is earlier. The scheme is being implemented in Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Kozhikode and Kannur.

Animal Husbandry Statistics (1962)
The statistical cell in the Directorate of Animal Husbandry consisting of two wings Sample Survey wing and Official Statistics wing is functioning under the guidance of a Joint Director.
The objective of Sample Survey wing is to conduct the integrated of Sample Survey, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to estimate the production of major Livestock products such as milk, egg and meat in the state.
The collection, compilation and processing of Animal Husbandry Statistics is the objectives of Official Statistics wing. Details of prices of Livestock and Livestock Products, number of Animals slaughtered, quantity of meat produced, import and export of Livestock and Livestock products etc. are collected and processed and published on the bulletin of Animal Husbandry Statistics. The publishing of Animal Husbandry profile consisting of details of Department Institutions is another major activity. The preparation of Annual Administration Report of the Department is also attached to this wing.

CURRENT STATUS
. Of the 1.7 million breedable cattle 67 % are crossbreds
. Most of the cattle holding are one cow farms
. Per capita availability of milk is 220 gm /day
. Part of milk is being imported from other states to meet the demand
. AI units are available at the rate of one for 800 breedable cattle
. Poultry & Duck population is around 269 lakhs and still around 460 million eggs are being imported annually.
. There is acute scarcity of feed and fodder
. 97% of the population are Non Vegetarians.
. 65% of the meat consumed is from animals brought from other states .

KEY POLICY PRINCIPLES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
. To increase the milk, egg and meat production of the State.
. Poverty alleviation
. Employment generation.
. To ensure quality of products.
. Effective utilization of agriculture & house hold wastes
. Public Health management
. Promote private entrepreneurs.
. Improving quality services.

 


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