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The following Schemes are implemented by the Department for the development of cattle in Kerala-

This project was initiated in the year 1967 – 1968, with a view to implementing the Cross – Breeding Programme envisaged by the Government. In accordance with the proposal, 9 Project Offices, 37 Regional Artificial Insemination (AI) Centres and 1482 ICDP Sub – Centres were established throughout the state. Systematic implementation, evaluation and monitoring, in keeping with the Breeding Policy of the State has enabled us to carry out 13.6 lakh inseminations (2000 – 2001), and we have recorded a calf birth of 3.59 lakhs in the same year.
The institution coming under this project are
Intensive Cattle Development Projects 9
Regional Artificial Insemination Centres 39
ICDP Sub Centres 2677

This scheme was started in 1976 – 1977 as a 100% centrally sponsored programme. The aim of the scheme was to provide female cross – bred calves below six months of age with good quality feed to ensure health, and insurance coverage, in order to bring the age at puberty down to 14 – 16 months. It would then be possible to assure an age at first calving of 24-26 months. The milk yield of these calves could be increased and an additional six months of lactation achieved per animal.
Upto the year 1992 – 1993, the scheme achieved an enrollment of 69,162 calves. From 1993 to 1997, the scheme was implemented under state sponsorship, and 85,000 calves were enrolled. The District Panchayats took over the scheme from 1997 – 1998 to 1999 – 2000 and 48,716 calves were enrolled.
From the year 2000 – 2001, the scheme has been implemented through the Grama Panchayats. In eight districts of the state definite paraphernalia have been put in place for implementation of the scheme, while in the remaining six districts, the onus has rested with the local Veterinary Surgeon
The Department of Animal Husbandry possesses four livestock farms, nine poultry farms, two Intensive Poultry Development (IPD) Blocks, four pig farms, four goat farms, one turkey farm and one duck farm.
These farms supply the livestock and poultry needed by the farmers all over the state through various schemes implemented through the Department and the local self – governing bodies.

There are four livestock farms under the department
1. District Livestock Farm, Kodappanakkunnu
2. Jersey Farm, Vithura
3. Jersey Farm Extension Unit, Chettachal
4. BUFFALO Breeding Farm, Kuriottumala

There are two farms under the department.
1. Goat Farm, Komeri, Kannur District.
2. Goat Farm, Attappadi, Palakkad District.
3. Goat Farm, Parassla, Trivandrum.

Pig development programmes are implemented through
1. Intensive pig Development Projects
2. Pig Breeding Farm, Kanjirappally and Kolani
3. Pig Breeding Units
There are six pig breeding units-
1. Parassala
2. Kodappanakkunnu
3. Thalayolapparambu

6) Poultry Farms
IPD Blocks.

Aim – To augment the fodder production in the State. There are 2 major Programmes
a) Fodder Minikit Demonstration Programme
This programme is implemented through ICDP, with the objective of supplying fodder minikits of various fodder seeds in Rabi Season and Kharif Season to the farmers of the State through ICDP subcentres and Veterinary dispensaries/ hospitals. The seeds are obtained from Central Ministry of Agriculture.
During the year 2001 – 2002 and the ongoing 2002 – 2003, the following supplies were made
1) Oats – 1000 Kits – 5000 Kg
2) Lucerne – 2000 Kits – 2000 Kg
3) Stlyo – 650 Kits – 650 Kg
4) Sorghum – 600 Kits – 1800 Kg
5) Maize – 900 Kits – 3600 Kg
6) CongoSignal – 500 Kits – 500 Kg
7) Chinese Cabbage – 1500 Kits – 750 Kg

2002 – 2003 Kharif Season
1) Maize – 900 Kits – 3600 Kg
2) Rhodes grass – 249 Kits – 249 Kg
3) Sorghum – 251 Kits – 753 Kg
4) Bajra – 240 Kits – 240 Kg

2002 – 2003 Rabi Season
1) Lucerne – 1500 Kits – 1500 Kg
2) Oats – 1000 Kits – 5000 Kg
Thus a total of 11490 Kits containing 25642 kg of Fodder Seeds were distributed among the farmers in Kerala State.

b) Intensive Fodder development programmes in departmental farms.
This includes intensive fodder cultivation activities and provision for providing irrigation facilities with a view to augment the fodder production in departmental farm. It is envisaged to extend the fodder cultivation activity in the department to the unutilized areas in the farms. The fodder / grass thus produced can be distributed among the farmers for taking up fodder production in an intensive manner. Fodder slip can also be made available to the farmers.


1. National Programme for Rinderpest Eradication
This is a continuing scheme which aims at total eradication of Rinderpest from the state as part of the National Rinderpest Eradication Programme. The provision is meant for the expenditure to be incurred as per the guidelines issued by Government of India.

Present Status- Under the Scheme stock route Search, Village Search programmes, Zero Surveillance, diagnosis of Rinderpest like diseases are carried out all over the state.

2. Animal Husbandry Extension Programme – SLBP for employment Generation
SLBP for generating employment to unemployed youths and is implemented as per the guidelines issued by Government of India.
Present Status – During last year an amount of 5.8 lakhs has been released for implementation of the scheme – conduct of Workshop, Seminar, Training and for demonstration unit at RPF, Koovapady.

3. National project on Cattle & Buffalo breeding
A new scheme launched by the Government of India during the 10th 5 year plan to strengthen the breeding inputs and to conserve the well adopted indigenous breeds.

4. Building of Infrastructure for AH extension Network.
It is a new scheme launched by Government of India in the 10th plan providing assistance to promote and propagate the latest Animal Husbandry practices and technologies and to create awareness among farmers and breeders. The objective of the Scheme is to create AH Extension network developing linkages among institutions and training of Manpower.

5. Conservation of Threatened Livestock breeds – Small Ruminants , Pack animals, Poultry & other Species.
Government of India has introduced a new project under 10th plan to conserve the near extinct and threatened breeds using modern scientific conservation tools like cryo preservation of semen/ Ova/ Embryo. Breeds of goats like Attapady black, Malabari and various indigenous breeds of ducks can be conserved through this scheme.

6. Livestock Census
Outlay is meant for the completion of 16th livestock census in Kerala. Action will be initiated for the conduct of 17th livestock census as per the guidelines issued by Government of India.

1) Expansion of Poultry and Duck Farms
Outlay is to implement Schemes for strengthening poultry and duck farms as per the guidelines of GOI.

1) Feed & Fodder production
The scheme is intended to strengthen the infrastructure facilities to increase the feed & fodder production of the state as per the guidelines of GOI.

1) Veterinary Services for Cattle development
This Scheme envisages control of livestock diseases of economic and national importance, Foot & Mouth control and to strengthen epidemiology unit of the state. Vaccination against diseases like Foot & Mouth, Rabies, HS, Anthrax will be conducted. The systematic vaccination will be continued from north of river Periyar to Kasargode district. Containment vaccination will be taken up to cover the new entry and drop outs in southern region. Zero surveillance will be maintained for foot and mouth as well as for Rinderpest disease.
Outlay will be utilized for State share towards staff cost, cost of Vaccination, equipments, salary of staff , office expenses etc
Poultry & Duck diseases will be controlled through vaccination to develop export potential. Required Duck Plaque Vaccines will be produced at IAH & VB, Palode and if not available in emergency situation can be procured from other agencies.
ADDL Laboratory will be strengthened predominantly for diagnosis for poultry diseases as well as for livestock diseases. The staff cost, office expense etc will be met from this provision.
Collection of Data on Epidemiology of Diseases for dissemination of information on Monthly / Seasonal basis will be taken up. Network with neighbouring states will be linked to monitor outbreaks of that region and to initiate appropriate preventive measures in our state. Collection, compilation and analysis of epidemiological data will be undertaken. The staff cost , office expenses etc of epidemiological wing will be met from this provision.
Replacement of condemned vehicles which are used for this project will be undertaken from this outlay.
Required software on Epidemiological data will be purchased and installed.
Screening of Brucella and Tuberculosis will be undertaken.
Facilities will be developed for Rabies Tissue Culture Vaccine production.
Project on Control of Rabies will be initiated.
Strengthening of diagnostic laboratories and vaccine production centre will be taken up.
Networking of District Veterinary Centres , regional laboratories, epidemiological unit, Directorate, district offices, will be undertaken initially.

Present status – Second round of systematic vaccination has been completed in the Northern region. Containment vaccination by collecting 50 % cost of vaccination is being carried out in the southern region. In the event of outbreaks free vaccinations are carried out.

2) AH Statistics and Sample survey
The scheme is for continuing the integrated sample survey for the estimation of production of various livestock products and for taking up new service and for launching special studies. Steps will be taken to improve the methodology of collection, and analysis of data, making use of computer facilities available. The outlay is to meet the staff cost and other expenses connected with survey. Computer stationeries required will be purchased from the provisions if not available at the stationery department. Required hardwares and softwares will be provided in all district offices and at the Directorate.

3) Professional efficiency development (State Veterinary Council)
The registration of Veterinary practitioners and regulation of Veterinary practices in the State will be continued. The outlay is towards the State share as staff cost, office expenses, maintenance vehicle , buildings etc. A portion of the outlay will be utilized for training programmes to Veterinarians as part of Continuing Veterinary education programme. A well equipped library will be also be established . Computers, printers, peripherals etc required will be purchased. A public address system, audio visual aids etc will be installed in the existing conference hall. Expenditure on electricity, water, tax, propulsion charges etc will be from this provision.


Designed & Maintained by: C-DIT, Thiruvananthapuram,
for Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala.