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AYURVEDA

The Kerala System of Ayurvedic treatment developed in its own lines through the patronage of ruling princes and the selfless of devotion of the Ashta Vaidyans.  It has developed into a full fledged system of treatment with its unique characteristics. A very large section of rural folk of Kerala still depend solely upon Ayurveda. Pizhichil, Njawarakizhi etc are a few of the Kriya Karmas developed in its own style in Kerala.

            Along with the widespread infrastructure in modern medicine in Kerala, there are 108 Ayurveda Hospitals with 2349 beds and 587 dispensaries under Government sector. The growth of institutions from 1986 to 1996  is given below

Number of Ayurveda hospitals and dispensaries over the years.

Year

Ayurveda Hospitals

Ayurveda dispensaries

1986

96

473

1990

101

505

1991

106

527

1992

106

550

1993

107

566

1994

107

582

1995

108

587

1996

108

587

On an average in Government Ayurvedic Institutions about 13.5 lakhs persons are treated as out patients and over 23,500 as in patient every year.

            According to a survey conducted  in 1995, there were 4922 Ayurvedic Institutions with 2529 beds in the private sector.

Ayurvedic Education

            Though Ayurveda education has been organised scientifically in this century, it has a long history in Kerala. About 105 years ago an Ayurvedic school was started in Thiruvananthapuram by the Maharaja of Travancore for teaching Ayurveda to the members of the ruling family. The Institute was taken over by the State and in 1918 the school was upgraded as a college, the duration of the course being 5 years. The Department of Indian System of Medicine was started with 2 main units, one for Ayurvedic education  and the other for treatment of the public. The Director of Indian System of Medicine was functioning as the Head of the Department till 1979 and then the Ayurveda Colleges were separated as independent department.

            There are 5 Ayurveda colleges in the state with an annual intake of 50 students in Thiruvananthapuram. Ayurveda college and 30 each in Trippunithara, Kannur, Kottakal and private  Ayurveda colleges for BAMS course. MD course is offered only in the college at Thiruvananthapuram and its annual intake is 42.

 



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for Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala.