SURVEY OF THE STATE
a re-survey was necessitated
In Cochin and Malabar areas, the mutation (Pokkuvaravu/Jamathiry/Transfer
of Registry) was effected in the revenue records only after
surveying the new sub-division. This work fell in arrears
after the independence. The village officers whose primary
responsibility was the maintenance of land records were
deployed for poverty alleviation schemes and hence the land
records maintenance was neglected to a great extent. In
the Travancore area, the transfer of registry was up-to-date
to a great extent. But corresponding changes were not effected
in the maps.
Further in the state, various legislation towards agrarian
reforms was introduced after independence. Due to the above
legislations, the tenants and sharecroppers became absolute
owners of the land. When these reforms were introduced on
a war-footing basis, the corresponding changes were not
effected in the survey records. Hence, a total re-survey
of the state was required Government ordered the re-survey
of the state in following Government orders.
G.O. Ms. 295/66/RD REVENUE (E) DEPARTMENT
Dated, Trivandrum,25th May 1966
NOTICES IN THE RE-SURVEY
The individual notices under section 6 & 9 of the Survey
& Boundaries Act were dispensed with as per the following
amendment of the Survey & Boundaries Act.
No. 11611/ Leg/ A1/ 86 Law (Legislation-A) Department.
Now, according to Survey & Boundaries Act, there is
no individual notice is required prior to the re-survey
or prior to the finalisation.
Following are the survey marks used in the re-survey.
Each taluk is divided into main circuits with an approximate
area of 150 kms. And each main circuit is connected with
the G.T Stations established by Survey of India so as to
provide geographical co-ordinates to all survey points.
According to present system of survey, each taluk is divided
into blocks of approximately 1000 hectares. Then each block
is divided into Khandom with area of 25 to 40 hectares.
Each Khandom is sub-divided into Survey numbers of approximately
4 hectares in dry land and 2 hectares in wet land.
SURVEY OF BLOCK AND KHANDOM
The block and Khandom boundaries are surveyed by traverse
Normally survey fields are formed by clubbing 10 to 20 holdings
and with an approximate area of 2 hectares in wet land and
4 hectares in dry land.
The boundaries are demarcated generally according to the
physical possession as seen of ground except where they
are the valid documents to prove that it has to be demarcated
otherwise. But Government lands are demarcated as per the
previous records so as to detect all subsequent encroachments.
The Government lands even if they are under unauthorized
occupation, are surveyed and recorded as Poramboke.
Certain private lands, which are now being used by public
for the following purposes, are surveyed as Nalathu Poramboke.
1. Roads, Streets
2. Thodu, Streams.
The propriety rights of these Nalathu Poramboke shall continued
to be vested with the respective landowners. The roads,
streets etc. are surveyed as subdivision in the sketches
only if it has got more than 2 meters width. The other roads,
streets etc. are shown as topodetails in the respective
sub division. No tax is collected in respect of Nalathu
VARIATION IN AREA FROM THE PREVIOUS SETTLEMENT
In many cases there is variation in extent in the re-survey
records from the previous survey and settlement records.
After the finalisation and implementation of the re-survey
records, Basic Tax is collected according to the area in
the re-survey records and no separate pattas are required
in cases of excess areas. For registration of title deeds
and all other transactions, Re-survey No., subdivision number
and extent should be followed.
SUPPLY OF RECORDS
The not final records are issued to the landholders on payment
of RS. 50/- per sketch from the Office of the Assistant
Director of Survey & Land Records concerned. The landowners
can obtain the above sketches and satisfy themselves that
the boundaries are properly determined. The copies of the
details of land owners recorded during re-survey in the
form of field register are also available in the re-survey
Office on the payment of cost of RS. 25
COMPLAINTS AGAINST THE SURVEY
1. Complaints during the course of Survey, According to
survey and Boundaries Act, the land owners can prefer complaints
against re-survey during the course of re-survey field work
itself . The Head Surveyors shall dispose of such complaints
after conducting enquiries and the decision communicated
to all affected parties and changes made in the records.
2. After preparation of records. The records are exhibited
to the land owners after completing the preparation of records.
The landowners can prefer complaints after perusing these
records. These complaints are disposed off by the survey
Officers after conducting enquiries and decisions of the
enquiries shall be communicated to all affected parties
and changes effected in the records.
3. Appeals. Any land owner aggrieved by the orders as stated
in 1 and 2 above can file an appeal against such order under
section 11 of the Survey & Boundaries Act. These appeals
shall be disposed of and decision communicated to all the
affected parties and changes are also made in the records.
4. Complaints after finalisation. After disposing of the
complaints against the re-survey, the records are finalised
and notification published under section 13 of the survey
& Boundaries Act. After finalisation of the records
only the Civil Courts has got powers to alter the decision
made by the Survey Officers during the course of re-survey.
But Complaints are accepted in the following cases by the
When the boundary recorded has been found defective and
there is no dispute regarding the boundary.
2. The name of the landowner recorded in the re-survey was
found incorrect and there is no dispute regarding ownership.
3. The area noted in the re-survey is incorrect.
The petitions of the above type are disposed off by Survey
Department by conducting Survey Adalath..