Brief History of Survey& Land records Department
Re-Survey Completed Villages
Organizational set up
Services Rendered by the Department
Transfer of Registry
Supply of copy of Records
Survey Training


Why a re-survey was necessitated

In Cochin and Malabar areas, the mutation (Pokkuvaravu/Jamathiry/Transfer of Registry) was effected in the revenue records only after surveying the new sub-division. This work fell in arrears after the independence. The village officers whose primary responsibility was the maintenance of land records were deployed for poverty alleviation schemes and hence the land records maintenance was neglected to a great extent. In the Travancore area, the transfer of registry was up-to-date to a great extent. But corresponding changes were not effected in the maps.
Further in the state, various legislation towards agrarian reforms was introduced after independence. Due to the above legislations, the tenants and sharecroppers became absolute owners of the land. When these reforms were introduced on a war-footing basis, the corresponding changes were not effected in the survey records. Hence, a total re-survey of the state was required Government ordered the re-survey of the state in following Government orders.
Dated, Trivandrum,25th May 1966

The individual notices under section 6 & 9 of the Survey & Boundaries Act were dispensed with as per the following amendment of the Survey & Boundaries Act.
No. 11611/ Leg/ A1/ 86 Law (Legislation-A) Department.
Now, according to Survey & Boundaries Act, there is no individual notice is required prior to the re-survey or prior to the finalisation.
Following are the survey marks used in the re-survey.

Please Click here to get Survey Marks


Each taluk is divided into main circuits with an approximate area of 150 kms. And each main circuit is connected with the G.T Stations established by Survey of India so as to provide geographical co-ordinates to all survey points. According to present system of survey, each taluk is divided into blocks of approximately 1000 hectares. Then each block is divided into Khandom with area of 25 to 40 hectares. Each Khandom is sub-divided into Survey numbers of approximately 4 hectares in dry land and 2 hectares in wet land.


The block and Khandom boundaries are surveyed by traverse methods.

Normally survey fields are formed by clubbing 10 to 20 holdings and with an approximate area of 2 hectares in wet land and 4 hectares in dry land.

The boundaries are demarcated generally according to the physical possession as seen of ground except where they are the valid documents to prove that it has to be demarcated otherwise. But Government lands are demarcated as per the previous records so as to detect all subsequent encroachments.


The Government lands even if they are under unauthorized occupation, are surveyed and recorded as Poramboke.
Certain private lands, which are now being used by public for the following purposes, are surveyed as Nalathu Poramboke.
1. Roads, Streets
2. Thodu, Streams.
The propriety rights of these Nalathu Poramboke shall continued to be vested with the respective landowners. The roads, streets etc. are surveyed as subdivision in the sketches only if it has got more than 2 meters width. The other roads, streets etc. are shown as topodetails in the respective sub division. No tax is collected in respect of Nalathu porambokes.


In many cases there is variation in extent in the re-survey records from the previous survey and settlement records. After the finalisation and implementation of the re-survey records, Basic Tax is collected according to the area in the re-survey records and no separate pattas are required in cases of excess areas. For registration of title deeds and all other transactions, Re-survey No., subdivision number and extent should be followed.


The not final records are issued to the landholders on payment of RS. 50/- per sketch from the Office of the Assistant Director of Survey & Land Records concerned. The landowners can obtain the above sketches and satisfy themselves that the boundaries are properly determined. The copies of the details of land owners recorded during re-survey in the form of field register are also available in the re-survey Office on the payment of cost of RS. 25


1. Complaints during the course of Survey, According to survey and Boundaries Act, the land owners can prefer complaints against re-survey during the course of re-survey field work itself . The Head Surveyors shall dispose of such complaints after conducting enquiries and the decision communicated to all affected parties and changes made in the records.
2. After preparation of records. The records are exhibited to the land owners after completing the preparation of records. The landowners can prefer complaints after perusing these records. These complaints are disposed off by the survey Officers after conducting enquiries and decisions of the enquiries shall be communicated to all affected parties and changes effected in the records.
3. Appeals. Any land owner aggrieved by the orders as stated in 1 and 2 above can file an appeal against such order under section 11 of the Survey & Boundaries Act. These appeals shall be disposed of and decision communicated to all the affected parties and changes are also made in the records.
4. Complaints after finalisation. After disposing of the complaints against the re-survey, the records are finalised and notification published under section 13 of the survey & Boundaries Act. After finalisation of the records only the Civil Courts has got powers to alter the decision made by the Survey Officers during the course of re-survey. But Complaints are accepted in the following cases by the Survey Department.

1. When the boundary recorded has been found defective and there is no dispute regarding the boundary.
2. The name of the landowner recorded in the re-survey was found incorrect and there is no dispute regarding ownership.
3. The area noted in the re-survey is incorrect.
The petitions of the above type are disposed off by Survey Department by conducting Survey Adalath..






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for Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala.